Martinique is a mountainous island lying in the Lesser Antilles about 300 mi (483 km) northeast of Venezuela.
Martinique became a domain of the French crown in 1674. It became an overseas department of France in 1946. Fort-de-France is the capital.
Martinique's sugar exports made it one of France's most valuable colonies; although slavery was abolished in 1848, sugar continued to hold a dominant position in the economy.
A target of dispute during the Anglo-French worldwide colonial struggles, Martinique was finally confirmed as a French possession after the Napoleonic wars.
In 1902 an eruption of Mt. Pelée destroyed the town of St. Pierre.
This map measures 18” x 24”.
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